Սիրելի ընթերցող, եթե դուք ոչ մի առնչություն չունեք կապված տրանս* թեմայի հետ և թշնամաբար եք տրամադրված խնդրում ենք լքել այս էջը: Շնորհակալություն:
Զգուշացում, բլոգը պարունակում է վիրահատական նկարներ, եթե դուք չեք տանում արյուն, բաց վերքեր, ապա խնդրում ենք ձեզ զերծ մնալ նման նկարների դիտումից, խուսաբել "Վիրահատություն" թեմայից, կամ պազրապես լքել այս էջը:
Thursday, December 4, 2008
UN JOINT STATEMENT ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION & GENDER IDENTITY
UN JOINT STATEMENT ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION & GENDER IDENTITY
ØIn mid-December 2008, States from every region of the world will join together todeliver a statementrecognizinghuman rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identityat theUnited Nations General Assembly.
ØThe statement deals withhuman rights abuses, directed against people because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, including violence, criminal sanctions, torture, threats against human rights defenders and discrimination in accessing economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to health.
ØDecember 2008 marks the60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On this historic occasion, the joint statement will affirm that human rights truly are the birthright of all human beings, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
ØInitiated by France, the joint statement is being coordinated by across-regional core group of States, includingrepresentatives fromall 5 UN regions(Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, France, Gabon, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Ukraine).
ØThese States are seeking to send a powerful message by delivering the statement on behalf ofas many States from different regions as possible. It has already attractedover 50 signatories. This initiative builds upon a previous joint statement delivered in 2006 at the UN Human Rights Council by Norway on behalf of 54 States.
ØWith your help, we would like toencourage as many countries as possible to jointhe statement, making it thelargest-ever UN statementaddressing human rights based on sexual orientation and gender identity. It will also be the first to be delivered at the UN General Assembly, the UN’s highest political body.
What can I do?
ØIf you think your country might besupportive, it is urgent to contact them and encourage them to join the statement;
ØIf your country hasalready expressed its support, you might consider sending them a note of thanks, and encouraging them to approach other States who may be supportive.
ØThere is no need to contact your government if you know they will beunsupportive or hostile– in fact, it may trigger anunwanted backlash.
Which States have already expressed support? Which have not yet done so?
The main States which have already joined, or might consider joining, the statement are:
ØWestern Group: the 27 European Union countries have already expressed their support for the statement, as have Andorra, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, New Zealand, Norway and Switzerland. Australia,Canadaand theUSAsupported the previous joint statement in 2006 but have not yet joined the current statement, and should be encouraged to maintain their support this time also. Other Western Group countries to approach for support includeMonaco,San MarinoandTurkey.Turkeyhas previously joined EU statements which include positive references to sexual orientation, gender identity and human rights.
ØCentral and Eastern Europe: The Central and Eastern European States which are EU Members have already endorsed the statement, as have Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Ukraine, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.AlbaniaandMoldovasupported the previous joint statement in 2006 but have not yet joined the current statement, and should be encouraged to maintain their support this time also. NGOs inAzerbaijan,BelarusandGeorgiaare well-placed to evaluate what approaches or strategies may be appropriate with their government.
ØLatin America and the Caribbean: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico and Uruguay have already expressed their support.Guatemala,PanamaandPerusupported the previous joint statement in 2006 but have not yet joined the current statement, and should be encouraged to maintain their support this time also.All other Latin American and Caribbean Statessupported a historic resolution of theOrganisation of American Stateson human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity earlier this year, and may therefore be willing to join the current statement as well. The only exception isCuba, which is not an OAS member and has consistently refrained from voting on sexual orientation and gender identity issues internationally, but may be encouraged to adopt a more supportive position this time round.
ØAfrica:Gabon,Cape VerdeandGuinea-Bissauhave already expressed their support. This itself is significant since it will be the first time ever that such a statement has attracted support from all 5 UN regions, including Africa. The main additional State to urge to join the statement isSouth Africa, which includes sexual orientation in its Constitution, recently affirmed its commitment to non-discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation during the UPR, but has yet to join any such initiative.
ØAsia:Japanhas already expressed its support. However, this is currently the only Asian State to join the initiative.Timor-Lestesupported the previous joint statement in 2006 but has not yet joined the current statement, and should be encouraged to maintain its support this time also.South Koreaalso supported the previous joint statement in 2006, but is reluctant to join this time because of a law criminalising homosexual conduct in the military, and it will be important to urge South Korea to maintain its past support. Other Asian States to approach for support includeNepal,the Philippines, Thailandand whichever other States NGOs in the region feel might be inclined to support. In thePacificregion, it is worth noting thatFijiincludes sexual orientation in its constitution, and a number of other States might consider supporting the statement, if approached.
How do I contact my government?
ØThe most important contact is your government’sForeign Ministryin your capital. Contact details for the Foreign Ministry of each country can be found at:
ØSend your Foreign Ministrya copy of the joint statement and the Fact Sheetwe have prepared to help provide governments with more information (attached).
ØThank them for anypast supportthey have demonstrated for sexual orientation and gender identity issues, or for principles ofequalityandnon-discriminationmore generally, and emphasize that this is avery straightforward statement focused on recognising that all human beings are entitled to be protected from serious human rights violations.
ØPoint out that on the60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is important to affirm the principle of universality: that all human beings, irrespective of their sexual orientation or gender identity, are entitled to equal dignity and respect.
ØUnderline that the statement builds onsimilar past initiatives, and will not be subject to a vote. It createsno new rights, but simply seeks the application ofexisting international standardsto those who face human rights violations because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
ØPoint out that the statement is already attractingbroad support from over 50 States cross-regionally, encourage them to join the statement, andask for a specific response to your request. You may also wish torequest a meetingto discuss the matter further.
ØYou know your own country best. Feel freetailor this information to the contextof your country or region, while maintaining a constructive approach.
Questions or further information?
ØPleasekeep us informedof your country’s response. A coalition of international NGOs is closely monitoring the initiative, and may be reached at: